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The Marketing Mix: Product, Price, Place and Promotion

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To effectively market a product or service there are four things you need to get right: Product, Price, Place and Promotion. These four elements are known as the marketing mix or the 4Ps. The four elements should be viewed as one unit and structured to support each other; Otherwise a firm's marketing strategy will be confusing and uncoordinated. This article provides you with a quick introduction to each element and links if you would like more information.


As the product is the item being sold to the customer, the thing that will bring in money, its features and design need careful consideration. Whether the firm is manufacturing the product or purchasing the product for resale, they need to determine what product features will appeal to their target market. When an organisation is considering introducing a product into a market, they should ask themselves the following questions:

  1. Who is the product aimed at
  2. What benefit will customers expect from it
  3. What will be its advantage over competitor products? Or its unique selling point?
  4. How does the firm plan to Position the product within the market?

The answers to these questions will help a firm design, package and add value to its products. To learn more about product strategies within the marketing mix click on the following link: Marketing Mix and Product strategies


There are lots of different pricing strategies but all most at least cover your costs unless the price is being used to attract customers to the business (loss leader). A product is worth as much as people are prepared to pay for it. The amount your target market are prepared to pay for your product depends on its features and the target market's budget. You will also need to consider Competitor Pricing and factors within your Marketing Environment. Effective pricing involves balancing a range of factors, to find out more, including example of pricing strategies click on the following link: Marketing Mix and Price Strategies


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The Place element of the marketing place is about where the product is made, where is it stored and how is it transported to the customer. The place for each of these things should ensure that the product gets to the right place at the right time without damage or loss. The ideal place will be

Convenient for the customer and the business
Accessible for the customer if it is the place where the product is sold
Low cost or free for the customer if it is the place where the product is sold
Reasonable cost to the business

The following link provides further information on place: Marketing Mix and Place Strategies



A successful product or service means nothing unless the benefit of such a service can be communicated clearly to the target market. Promotion is any activity to raise awareness of a product or to encourage customers to purchase a product. Advertising is a form of promotion but not all promotions are advertisements.

Promotional activities for consumer sales will be different to promotional activities for business to business sales. The following things will influence how a firm chooses to promote its product:

Promotional campaign purpose
The budget for the promotional campaign
Legal rules about what you can promote and how
The target market for the product
The marketing environment in which the firm operates

The following link provides further information on place: Marketing Mix and Promotion Strategies

Other Marketing Mix Related links:

Service Marketing Mix: The ideal marketing strategy for a firm selling services, includes the traditional marketing mix and three additional elements: people, process and physical evidence. Click on the attached link to learn more about the 7Ps: Service Marketing Mix

E-Marketing Mix: A massive increase in internet sales has changed the way the marketing mix is implemented by firms. The following link will take you to an article explaining how the marketing mix can be used for online marketing Marketing Mix and The Internet

Environmental Marketing Mix. An increased focus on environmental issues, has contributed to a rise in the demand for environmentally friendly products and services. The spotlight on sustaining the environment has created new terminology such as “carbon footprint” and “offsetting”. Many organisations have adapted their marketing strategies to capitalise on the consumer appetite for Environmentally Friendly Products. Click on this link to read more about how the marketing mix can be used to market environmentally friendly products and services



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